According to Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), article 14 stated impact assessment as a key instrument for achieving the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing objectives of the Convention.
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment states that understanding the factors that cause changes in ecosystems and ecosystem services is essential to the design of interventions which enhance positive and minimize negative impacts. Such factors are called drivers of change and can be natural or human-induced. Impact assessment is primarily concerned with human-induced drivers of change. Natural drivers of change are important however, as they define background trends or changes against which human-induced changes need to be evaluated.
The impacts resulting from drivers of change due to development project are assessed in one of the aspects of biodiversity which is composition, where keystone species at the studied area are of particular relevance. A keystone species is a plant or animal that plays a unique and crucial role in the way an ecosystem function. Without keystone species, the ecosystem would be dramatically different or cease to exist altogether.
Besides, the potential impacts also assessed in aspect of key processes. Key processes can be natural or human-induced processes. Key processes can be driven by external factors (climate, tidal regime, sediment flow), or by internal ecosystem processes (nutrient and energy flow, population dynamics, etc.). In addition, human processes can be of key importance; a number of ecosystems such as land-use systems have been created by centuries of human management; examples are high altitude meadows, heather lands and nutrient-poor grasslands.
The flora and fauna subjects for conservation, the impacts of intended development on the affected and surrounding areas, mitigation measures to minimize adverse impact on existing ecology will be assess and converted into report.
WHAT WE OFFER?
• Biodiversity Impact Assessment Report
• To carry out field research to determine the current floral and faunal diversity on site. All vertebrate (mammals, birds and reptiles) and selected invertebrate (dragonflies and butterflies) group were included.
• To suggest, base in the findings, how the layout infrastructure can impact the habitats and eco systems on site.
• To recommend environmental mitigation measures that should be implemented for the intended development planned, with particular consideration for the intended woodlands part area.